1.7. Glossary

cin stands for “console input”. It is the standard input statement in C++.
A comment is a programmer-readable explanation in the source code of a computer program.
A compiler generally transforms code written in a high-level programming language like C++ into a low-level programming language like machine code in order to create an executable program.
cout stands for “console output”. It is the standard output statement in C++.
dynamically typed
A dynamically typed programming languages is one in which variables need not necessarily be defined before they are used, and can change during execution.
Header files are library files that contain a variety of useful definitions. They are imported into any C++ program by using the pre-processor #include statement.
Tells the preprocessor to treat the contents of a specified file as if they appear in the source program at the point where the directive appears.
An interpreter directly executes statements in a scripting language without requiring them to have been compiled into machine language.
machine code
machine code is a computer program written in instructions that can be directly executed by a computer’s CPU.
statically typed
A statically typed programming languages is one in which variables must be defined before they are used and cannot change during execution.
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